by Chelsea Lee
An anthology is a collection of works, organized around a central theme, that has been assembled by an editor or publisher. One type of anthology is often called a collected works or complete works, in which all the writings of a particular author are published in one volume (or set of volumes) for easy reference. Other anthologies contain works by many different authors all of which share a theme (e.g., American literature of the 19th century).
Anthologies, and especially collected or complete works, may seem tricky to cite when both the author(s) and the editor(s) are responsible for the entire book. Therefore some readers assume that both should appear in the citation. However, this is not the case. The proper method of citation for anthologies is explored below.
Whole Anthology Citation
Whole edited anthologies should be cited like any other whole edited book would be cited. Only the editor appears in the author part of the reference.
|Strachey, J. (Ed. & Trans.). (1953). The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 4). Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books|
- In text: (Strachey, 1953)
|Gold, M. (Ed.). (1999). A Kurt Lewin reader: The complete social scientist. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.|
If desired, the name of the author of the collected works can be incorporated into the narrative.
|Kurt Lewin was one of the most influential social scientists of the 20th century (for a collection of his works, see Gold, 1999).|
Multivolume Anthology Citation
To cite multiple volumes in an anthology, include the range of years over which the volumes were published (unless all were published in the same year) and the volume numbers in parentheses after the title.
|Koch, S. (Ed.). (1959–1963). Psychology: A study of science (Vols. 1–3). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.|
- In text: (Koch, 1959–1963)
Work in an Anthology Citation
Likewise, a work in an anthology should be cited like a chapter in an edited book, in which the chapter author and chapter title appear at the beginning of the reference, followed by information about the edited book.
The only additional consideration for works in anthologies is that the individual work has been republished, which means that both the publication date of the anthology and the original publication date of the work in question are included in the reference entry and in-text citation. The publication date of the anthology goes in the main date slot of the reference and the original publication date goes at the end.
|Freud, S. (1953). The method of interpreting dreams: An analysis of a specimen dream. In J. Strachey (Ed. & Trans.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 4). Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books (Original work published 1900)|
- In text: (Freud, 1900/1953)
|Lewin, K. (1999). Personal adjustment and group belongingness. In M. Gold (Ed.), A Kurt Lewin reader: The complete social scientist (pp. 327–332). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. (Original work published 1941)|
- In text: (Lewin, 1941/1999)
We hope these examples help you understand how to cite anthologies and the works within them. For more example citations of edited books and book chapters, see Publication Manual § 7.02.
APA style is published by the American Psychological Association. It is most commonly used in science courses.
Generally, APA citations follow the following format:
Contributors. (Date). Title (Secondary Contributors). Publication Information.
Contributor Information and Titles
The main contributors of the source, normally the author, are placed before the title. If there is more than one author, arrange the authors in the same order found in the source. Use the first and middle name initials and the entire last name. Inverse all names before the title.
Smith, J. K. (Date). Title.
Smith, J. K., & Sampson, T. (Date). Title.
Smith, J. K., Sampson, T., & Hubbard, A. J. (Date). Title.
Eight or more:
Smith, J. K., Sampson, T., Hubbard, A. J., Anderson, J., Thompson, T., Silva, P.,…Bhatia, N. (Date). Title.
Other contributor types
Sometimes the main contributor is not an author, but another contributor type, such as an editor for a book or conductor for a musical piece. In this instance, follow the contributor by an abbreviation of the contributor type (i.e. Ed. or Cond.). If plural, then change the abbreviation accordingly.
Smith, J. K. (Ed.). (Date). Title.
Smith, J. K., & Sampson, T. (Eds.). (Date). Title.
Smith, J. K. (Cond). (Date). Title.
Many sources have secondary contributors – individuals who added to the work outside the main contributors. This can include editors and translators for books, and producers and screenplay writers for movies. Place secondary contributors after the title in parenthesis. List them in first initial, middle initial, last name format and follow this by the contributor type abbreviation. Separate different contributor types by semicolons.
Smith, J. (Date). Title (B. McCoy, Ed.).
Smith, J. (Date). Title (B. McCoy & T. Thomas, Eds.).
One editor, two translators:
Smith, J. (Date). Title (B. McCoy, Ed.; B. Smith & P. R. Silva, Trans.).
Corporate or group authors
Some sources may have corporate or group authors. Write these organizations where you would write the author. If the organization is also the publisher of the source, write “Author” instead of repeating the publisher name.
American Psychological Association. (Date). Title.
Illinois Department of Industrial Relations. (Date). Title.
No contributor information
Sometimes you will come across sources with no contributor information. In this instance, do not write the date first. Instead, write the name of the title and then the date, then followed by the remaining appropriate bibliographic data.
Webster’s dictionary. (1995). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
Some sources are foundwithin other sources, such as a chapter in a book or an article in a periodical. These rules apply both to the contributors of the chapter and book or to the article.
Chapter author and translator, and book editor and translator:
Smith, J. (Date). Chapter title (B. McCoy, Trans.). In R. Engels (Ed.) & S. Simpson (Trans.), Title.
Author and translator of an article:
Smith, J. (Date). Article title (B. McCoy, Trans.). Periodical Title.
Note: When citing a chapter, the book contributors are preceded by “In.”
Title Rules – Capitalization and Italics
Article titles and works within larger works, such as chapters and webpages, as well as informally published material are not italicized. Main titles, such as those for books and journals, are italicized. Generally, capitalize the first letter of the first word of the title or any subtitles, and the first letter of any proper nouns. For titles of periodicals, such as journals and newspapers, capitalize every principal word.
After the contributor information and title comes the publication information. Below are different publication information templates.
Last, F. M. (Date Published). Book Title. City, State: Publisher.
Last, F. M. (Date Published). Article title. Journal Title, Volume(Issue), Page(s).
Last, F. M. (Date Published). Article title. Magazine Title, Volume, Page(s).
Last, F. M. (Date Published). Webpage Title. Retrieved from URL.
Last, F. M. (Date Published). Article title. Newspaper Title, Page(s).
Include as much detail regarding the date as possible. See the below examples:
(2002, February 12), (2002, February), (2002, February-March), (2002).
Note: If there is no date, use “n.d” instead, which means “no date.”
For any information unavailable, exclude the datapoint, and adjust the punctuation accordingly. EasyBib will properly format your citation based on the information entered.
Note: Page numbers for chapters of books and newspapers are preceded by “p.” or “pp.” [plural], while those of magazines and journals are only written with numbers.
For less conventional source types, you can add descriptions about the source after the title in brackets immediately after the title. For example, you can add “[Brochure]” after the title of a brochure (separated by a space) to clarify what type of source you are citing.
When citing non-periodical sources, advanced information such as the edition, series, and page information comes before the publication information and after the title grouped in the same parenthesis. See the fictional example below:
Smith, J. (2002). Power (5th ed., Vol. 12, Ser. 3) (T. Riley, Ed.). New York, NY: Random.